Betekintés: William J. Long - English Literature, oldal #3

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er Love fans it;
Ever Life feeds it;
Time cannot age it;
Death cannot slay.
To answer the questions which arise naturally between
teacher and pupil
concerning the books that they read, is one object of this
volume. It aims
not simply to instruct but also to inspire; to trace the
historical
development of English literature, and at the same time to
allure its

Source: http://www.doksi.net

readers to the best books and the best writers. And from
beginning to end
it is written upon the assumption that the first virtue of
such a work is
to be accurate, and the second to be interesting.
The author acknowledges, with gratitude and appreciation,
his indebtedness
to Professor William Lyon Phelps for the use of his literary
map of
England, and to the keen critics, teachers of literature and
history, who
have read the proofs of this book, and have improved it by
their good
suggestions.
WILLIAM J. LONG STAMFORD, CONNECTICUT
*****
CONTENTS
CHAPTER I. INTRODUCTION—THE MEANING OF
LITERATURE
The Shell and the Book. Qualities of Literature. Tests of
Literature. The
Object in studying Literature. Importance of Literature.
Summary of the
Subject. Bibliography.
CHAPTER II. THE ANGLO-SAXON OR OLD-ENGLISH
PERIOD
Our First Poetry. “Beowulf.” “Widsith.” “Deor’s Lament.”
“The Seafarer.”

Source: http://www.doksi.net

“The Fight at Finnsburgh.” “Waldere.” Anglo-Saxon Life.
Our First Speech.
Christian Writers. Northumbrian Literature. Bede. Caedmon. Cynewulf. Decline
of Northumbrian Literature. Alfred. Summary. Bibliography. Questions.
Chronology.
CHAPTER III. THE ANGLO-NORMAN PERIOD
The Normans. The Conquest. Literary Ideals of the Normans. Geoffrey of
Monmouth. Work of the French Writers. Layamon’s “Brut.”
Metrical Romances.
The Pearl. Miscellaneous Literature of the Norman Period.
Summary.
Bibliography. Questions. Chronology.
CHAPTER IV. THE AGE OF CHAUCER
History of the Period. Five Writers of the Age. Chaucer.
Langland. “Piers
Plowman.” John Wyclif. John Mandeville. Summary.
Bibliography. Questions.
Chronology.
This text was converted to LaTeX by means of GutenMark software (version Jul 12 2014).
The text has been further processed by software in the
iTeX project, by Bill Cheswick.

Source: http://www.doksi.net

Contents
1 CHAPTER V. THE REVIVAL OF LEARNING
1
2 CHAPTER VI. THE AGE OF ELIZABETH

2

3 CHAPTER VII. THE PURITAN AGE

3

4 CHAPTER VIII. PERIOD OF THE RESTORATION
4
5 CHAPTER IX. EIGHTEENTH-CENTURY
LITERATURE
5
6 CHAPTER X. THE AGE OF ROMANTICISM
6
7 CHAPTER XI. THE VICTORIAN AGE

7

8 GENERAL BIBLIOGRAPHY

9

9 INDEX

10

10 CHAPTER I

11

11 CHAPTER II

21

12 I. OUR FIRST POETRY

22

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13 II. ANGLO-SAXON LIFE

39

14 III. CHRISTIAN WRITERS OF THE ANGLOSAXON PERIOD
47
15 BEDE (673-735)

49

16 CYNEWULF (Eighth Century)

55

17 ALFRED (848-901)

59

18 SUGGESTIVE QUESTIONS.[41]

65

19 CHAPTER III

70

20 I. HISTORICAL INTRODUCTION

71

21 II. LITERATURE OF THE NORMAN PERIOD
76
22 CHAPTER IV

95

23 THE NEW NATIONAL LIFE AND LITERATURE
96
24 CHAUCER (1340?-1400)

99

25 CHAUCER’S CONTEMPORARIES

113

26 JOHN WYCLIF (1324?-1384)

117

27 JOHN MANDEVILLE

119

28 CHAPTER V

126

29 I. HISTORY OF THE PERIOD

127

30 II. LITERATURE OF THE REVIVAL

131

31 CHAPTER VI

140

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32 I. HISTORY OF THE PERIOD

141

33 II. THE NON-DRAMATIC POETS OF THE
ELIZABETHAN AGE
145
34 MINOR POETS

158

35 III. THE FIRST ENGLISH DRAMATISTS162
36 PERIODS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE
DRAMA
164
37 CHRISTOPHER MARLOWE (1564-1593) 181
38 IV. SHAKESPEARE

187

39 V. SHAKESPEARE’S CONTEMPORARIES
AND SUCCESSORS IN THE DRAMA
205
40 BEN JONSON (1573?-1637)

207

41 VI. THE PROSE WRITERS

217

42 CHAPTER VII

243

43 I. HISTORICAL SUMMARY

244

44 II. LITERATURE OF THE PURITAN PERIOD
250
45 JOHN DONNE (1573-1631)

255

4

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