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Vilnius Gediminas Technical University

Jelena Mamčenko

Lecture Notes
On
OPERATING SYSTEMS

Code FMITB01001
Course title Operating Systems
Course volume 4,0 cr. (6,00 ECTS cr.)
Teaching methods (Full-time, daytime studies):
Lectures - 32 h per semestre
Laboratory works - 32 h per semestre
Individual work - 96 h per semestre
Assesment - Examination
Course aim:
Understandig of Operating System's functions.
Course description:
Concept of operating system. Control the activities and resourses of computer. Interpreting
comands. Coordinating activities. Operating systems MS-DOS, OS/2, UNIX. Networking.

Source: http://www.doksi.net

Jelena Mamčenko

Operating Systems

CONTENT
1

Introduction ............................................................................................................................................ 5

2

History of Operating Systems ................................................................................................................ 6

3

A history of personal computers ............................................................................................................ 8

4

Configuration........................................................................................................................................ 10

5

Display.................................................................................................................................................. 11

6

Motherboard ......................................................................................................................................... 11

7

Central processing unit ......................................................................................................................... 11

8

Primary storage..................................................................................................................................... 12
8.1

9

Technology and history ................................................................................................................ 13

Expansion card ..................................................................................................................................... 13
9.1

History of the expansion card ....................................................................................................... 13

10

Power supply .................................................................................................................................... 14

11

Computer power supply ................................................................................................................... 15
11.1

Domestic mains adaptors.............................................................................................................. 16

11.2

Linear power supply ..................................................................................................................... 16

11.3

Switched-mode power supply ...................................................................................................... 16

12

Optical disc ....................................................................................................................................... 17
12.1

First-generation optical discs........................................................................................................ 17

12.2

Second-generation optical discs ................................................................................................... 17

12.3

Third-generation optical discs ...................................................................................................... 18

13

Secondary storage............................................................................................................................. 18

14

Computer keyboard .......................................................................................................................... 18

15

Mouse (computing) .......................................................................................................................... 19

16

Main memory ................................................................................................................................... 20

17

Hard disk drive ..........................................

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